The Global Mammal Parasite Database (GMPD)

The Global Mammal Parasite Database provides access to the core data in our parasite databases on primates, carnivores, and ungulates. It can be accessed at this link: The primate database is updated dynamically to the webpage as papers are entered and double-checked.

The AnthroTree Website

The AnthroTree website contains supporting information for the book The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Anthropology and Biology by Charles Nunn. It includes instructions for implementing methods, datasets used in the book, and corrections or clarifications. The information is meant to be introductory and thus aimed at helping researchers start to climb the learning curve in using R, Mesquite, BayesTraits, and other programs.

The Phylogeny of Sleep Database

The Phylogeny of Sleep Database provides data on sleep durations for a wide array of mammals. It can be accessed via this link:


The 10kTrees Website

The 10kTrees website provides access to a set of primate phylogenies that can be used to control for phylogenetic uncertainty in comparative analyses. Users can download up to 10,000 trees from the Bayesian posterior samples of trees in the analysis, and we provide a variety of tools, data, and educational materials to use the trees. It can be accessed at this link:


Comparative Data Used in Earlier Research

The following provides data files for earlier papers, largely before supplementary material became common in the publication process. Some files are provided in HTML format, i.e. as a web page. To import the data into a spreadsheet program, such as Excel, open the dataset of interest, save it as a text file, and open/import that file in the spreadsheet program. If you use the data, please cite the appropriate paper.

Nunn, C.L. , S.M. Altizer, W. Sechrest, K.E. Jones, R.A. Barton, and J.L. Gittleman (2004). Parasites and the evolutionary diversification of primate clades. American Naturalist 162:597-614.  

Unpublished socioecological variables used in the analyses:  Appendix A is found here, and Appendix B is here .

Nunn, C.L. (2003). Behavioral defenses against sexually transmitted diseases in primates. Animal Behaviour 66 :37-48 .

Survey data used in comparative tests as a MS Word document (identical to electronic Appendix on Animal Behaviour web site)

Wich, S. A., and C. L. Nunn (2002) Do male "long-distance calls" function in mate defense? A comparative study of long-distance calls in primates. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 52:474-484 .

The comparative data can be found as an Excel spreadsheet or PDF.

Nunn, C.L. (2002). Spleen size, disease risk and sexual selection: A comparative study in primates. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4: 91-107 .

Here you will find the data presented in Table 1 of the article, with additional information on socioecological variables, as an Excel spreadsheet or as an HTML file.

Nunn, C.L. (2002). A comparative study of leukocyte counts and disease risk in primates. Evolution 56 : 177-190 .

Data on the unpublished socio-ecological variables are available here, as an Excel file.

Nunn, C.L., C.P. van Schaik and D. Zinner (2001). Do exaggerated sexual swellings function in female mating competition in primates? A comparative test of the reliable indicator hypothesis. Behavioral Ecology 5:646-654 .

The data are available as an Excel file.

Nunn, C.L. and R.A. Barton (2001). Comparative methods for studying primate adaptation and allometry. Evolutionary Anthropology 10:81-98 .

You will find Excel files for the dataset used here, in CAIC format. Click for the other CAIC files in Excel format: the phylogeny and the branch length files. These files will need to be saved as text, with the ".xls" suffix removed, for use with CAIC, which runs on a Macintosh. Finally, this file provides the MacClade file, in text format; import to MacClade.

Nunn, C.L., J.L. Gittleman and J. Antonovics (2000). Promiscuity and the primate immune system. Science 290: 1168-1170 .

Click here for additional information on the data used in the analyses.

Nunn, C.L. , and R.A. Barton (2000). Allometric slopes and independent contrasts: A comparative test of Kleiber’s law in primate ranging patterns. American Naturalist 156:519-533 .

This unpublished comparative database was used in the analyses.  It provides information on group composition, group metabolic needs and home range size.

Nunn, C.L. , (2000*). Collective action, free-riders, and male extragroup conflict. In: Primate Males, P.M. Kappeler, ed., pp. 192-204. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

This comparative database is not published in P. Kappeler's edited volume. But you can view the dataset I used in HTML.  It includes information on species with loud calls and other variables.

Nunn, C.L. (1999). The number of males in primate groups: a comparative test of the socioecological model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 46: 1-13 .

Table 2 is available as HTML.  It includes information on expected and observed overlap.  Group composition and breeding seasonality from Mitani et al. 1996.  American Journal of Primatology38:315-332.

Deaner, R.O., and C.L. Nunn (1999). How quickly do brains catch up with bodies? A comparative method for detecting evolutionary lag. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B 266: 687-694 .

The data are available here.

Nunn, C.L. (1999). The evolution of exaggerated sexual swellings in primates and the graded signal hypothesis. Animal Behaviour 58:229-246 .

The appendix is available as HTML.

Nunn, C.L. , and C.P. van Schaik (2001). A comparative approach to reconstructing the socioecology of extinct primates. In: Reconstructing Behavior in the Fossil Record , J.M. Plavcan, W.L. Jungers, R.F. Kay, and C.P. van Schaik, eds., pp. 159-216. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

Appendix B, the raw data used in the analyses, is available as two separative files in HTML format: Part 1, "knowable" variables, such as diet, substrate use, activity period, and Part 2, "unknowable" variables, such as group size and home range size.

Carnivore Data:

Nunn, C.L. , J.L. Gittleman and J. Antonovics (2003). A comparative study of white blood cell counts and disease risk in carnivores. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B . 270:347-356 .

Unpublished comparative data as an Excel spreadsheet.