Charles Nunn

    Evolutionary Anthropology and The Duke Global Health Institute


Kappeler, P.M. and C.L. Nunn, editors (2015) Theme Issue: The Health-Sociality-Fitness Nexus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences

Nunn, C.L. (2011). The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Anthropology and Biology. University of Chicago Press.

McNamara, P., R.A. Barton and C.L. Nunn, editors (2009). Evolution of Sleep: Phylogenetic and Functional Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.

Nunn, C.L. and S.M Altizer (2006). Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution. Oxford University Press (Series in Ecology and Evolution).

Journal Publications and Book Chapters

130. Sandel, AA, J.A. Miller, J.C. Mitani, C.L. Nunn, S.K. Patterson, and L.Z. Garamszegi (In press). Assessing sources of error in comparative analyses of primate behavior: intraspecific variation in group size and the social brain hypothesis. Journal of Human Evolution.

129. Bray, J., D.R. Samson, and C.L. Nunn (in revision). Evidence from seven captive lemur species that cathemerality is the ancestral state of Lemuridae. American Journal of Primatology.

128. Young, H., I.M. Parker, G.S. Gilbert, A.S. Guerra, and C.L. Nunn (in revision). The role of introduced species in biodiversity-disease relationships. Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

127. Kappeler, P.M., C.L. Nunn, A.Q. Vining, and S.M. Goodman (in review). Evolutionary dynamics of sexual size dimorphism in non-volant mammals following their independent colonization of Madagascar. American Naturalist.

126. Nunn, C.L., D.R. Samson and A. Krystal (in revision). Shining evolutionary light on human sleep and sleep disorders. Evolution, Medicine and Public Health.

125. C. Borries, A.A. Sandel, A Koenig, E. Fernandez-Duque, J.M. Kamilar, C.R. Amoroso, R.A. Barton, J. Bray, A. Di Fiore, I.C. Gilby, A.D. Gordon, R. Mundry, M. Port, L.E. Powell, A.E. Pusey, A. Spriggs, C.L. Nunn (in review). Transparency, usability, and reproducibility: a four-step plan toward improved comparative databases using primates as examples. Evolutionary Anthropology.

124. MacLean, E.L. and C.L. Nunn (In press). Phylogenetic approaches for research in comparative cognition. American Psychological Association Handbook.

123. Nunn, C.L. and T. Gillespie (In press). Infectious disease and primate conservation. In: An Introduction to Primate Conservation, edited by S. Wich and A. Marshall. Oxford University Press. [pdf]

122. Samson, D.R. and C.L. Nunn (2015). Sleep intensity and the evolution of human cognition. Evolutionary Anthropology 24:225-237. [pdf]

121. Capellini, I, C.L. Nunn, R.A. Barton (2015). Microparasites and placental invasiveness in Eutherian mammals. PLOS One 10: e0132563. [pdf]

120. Young, H.S., R. Dirzo, K.M. Helgen, D.J. McCauley, C.L. Nunn, T.P. Young, S. Zhao, V.O. Ezenwa (2015). Large wildlife removal drives redistribution of immune defenses in rodents. Functional Ecology 30:799-807. [pdf]

119. Nunn, C.L., S.C. Alberts, C.R. McClain, S.R. Meshnick, T.J. Vision, B.M. Wiegmann, A.G. Rogdrigo (2015). A new center linking evolution, ecology and health: The Triangle Center for Evolutionary Medicine (TriCEM). BioScience 65:748-749. [pdf]

118. Nunn, C.L., I.J. Wallace, C.M. Beall (2015). Connecting evolution, medicine and public health. Evolutionary Anthropology 24:127-129. [pdf]

117. Kappeler, P.M., S. Cremer, and C.L. Nunn (2015). Sociality and health: impacts of sociality on disease susceptibility and transmission in animal and human societies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 370: 2014.0116. [pdf]

116. Nunn, C.L., M.E. Craft, T.R. Gillespie, M. Schaller and P.M. Kappeler (2015). The sociality-health-fitness nexus: Synthesis, conclusions and future directions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 370: 2014.0115. [pdf]

115. Nunn, C.L., F. Jordan, C.M. McCabe, J.L. Verdolin, J.H. Fewell (2015). Infectious disease and group size: more than just a numbers game. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 370: 20140111. [pdf]

114. Nunn, C.L. and N. Cooper (2015). Investigating evolutionary lag using the species-pairs evolutionary lag test (SPELT). Evolution 69: 245-253. [pdf]

113. Pilosof, S., S. Morand, B. Krasnov, and C. L. Nunn (2015). Potential parasite transmission in multi-host networks based on parasite sharing. PLOS ONE 10: e0117909. [pdf]

112. McCabe, C., S. Reader, and C.L. Nunn (2015). Infectious disease, behavioral flexibility, and the evolution of culture in primates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20140862. [pdf]

111. MacLean, E.L., B. Hare, C.L. Nunn, and 53 others (2014). The evolution of self-control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: E2140-E2148. [pdf]

110. Nunn, C.L. and L. Zhu (2014). Phylogenetic prediction to identify "evolutionary singularities." Pages 481 to 514 in: Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology: Concepts and Practice. L.Z. Garamszegi, ed. Springer-Verlag. [pdf]

109. Nunn, C.L., E.J. Scully, N. Kutsukake, J. Ostner, O. Schuelke, and P.H. Thrall (2014). Mating competition, promiscuity, and life history traits as predictors of sexually transmitted disease risk in primates. International Journal of Primatology (Special Issue on "Male Mating Competition") 35: 764-786. [pdf]

108. Nunn, C.L., C. Brezine, A.E. Jolles and V.O. Ezenwa (2014). Interactions between micro- and macro-parasites predict microparasite richness across primates. American Naturalist 183: 494-505. [pdf]

107. Nunn, C.L., P.H. Thrall, and P. Kappeler (2014). Shared resources and disease dynamics in socially structured populations. Ecological Modeling 272:198-207. [pdf]

106. Gomez, J.M., Nunn, C.L. and Verdu, M. (2013) Centrality in primate-parasite networks reveals the potential for the transmission of emerging infectious diseases to humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 119:7738-7741. [pdf]

105. Cooper, N. and C.L. Nunn (2013). Identifying future zoonotic disease threats: Where are the gaps in our understanding of primate infectious diseases? Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health 1:27-36. [pdf]

104. Young, H., R. Griffin, C. Wood, and C.L. Nunn (2013). Does habitat disturbance increase infectious disease risk for primates? Ecology Letters 16: 656-663. [pdf]

103. Nunn, C.L., B. Hare (2012). Pathogen flow: What we need to know (Commentary). American Journal of Primatology 12:1084-1087. [pdf]

102. Cooper, N., R. Griffin, M. Franz, M. Omotayo, and C.L. Nunn (2012). Phylogenetic host specificity and understanding parasite sharing in primates. Ecology Letters 15:1370-1377. [pdf]

101. Garamszegi, L.Z., C.L. Nunn, and C.M. McCabe (2012). Informatics approaches to develop dynamic meta-analyses. Evolutionary Ecology 26:1275-1276. [pdf]

100. Cooper, N., J.M. Kamilar, and C.L. Nunn (2012). Host longevity and parasite species richness in mammals. PLoS ONE 7:e42190. [pdf]

99. Matthews, L.J., J. Edmonds, W.J. Wildman, and C. L. Nunn (2012). Cultural inheritance or cultural diffusion of religious violence? A quantitative case study of the Radical Reformation. Religion, Brain & Behavior 2:1-13. [pdf]

98. Ross, C.F., J. Iriarte-Diaz, and C.L. Nunn (2012). Innovative approaches to the relationship between diet and mandibular morphology in primates. International Journal of Primatology 33: 632-660. [pdf]

97 Griffin, R.H., L.J. Matthews, and C.L. Nunn (2012). Evolutionary disequilibrium and activity period in primates: A Bayesian phylogenetic approach. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147:409-416. [pdf]

96. Nunn, C.L. (2012) Phylogenetic comparative methods and sleep. In: The Encyclopedia of Sleep and Dreams: The Evolution, Function, Nature, and Mysteries of Slumber, P. McNamara and D. Barrett, eds. Greenwood / ABC-CLIO.

95. Rifkin, J., C.L. Nunn, L. Garamszegi (2012). Do animals living in larger groups experience greater parasitism? A phylogenetic meta-analysis. American Naturalist 180:70-82. [pdf]

94. Nunn, C.L. (2012). Primate disease ecology in comparative and theoretical perspective. American Journal of Primatology 74:49-509. [pdf]

93. MacLean, E., L.J. Matthews, B.A. Hare, C.L. Nunn, R.C., Anderson, F. Aureli, E.M. Brannon, J. Call, C.M. Drea, N.J. Emery, D.B.M. Haun, E. Herrmann, L.F. Jacobs, M.L. Platt, A.G. Rosati, A.A. Sandel, K.K. Schroepfer, A.M. Seed, J. Tan, C.P. van Schaik, and V. Wobber (2012). How does cognition evolve? Phylogenetic comparative psychology. Animal Cognition 15:223-38. [pdf]

92. Griffin, R.H. and C.L. Nunn (2012). Community structure and the spread of infectious disease in primate social networks. Evolutionary Ecology 26:779-800. [pdf]

91. Organ, C., C.L. Nunn, Z. Machanda, and R.W. Wrangham (2011). Phylogenetic rate shifts in feeding time and molar size during human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108:14555-14559. [pdf]

90. Nunn, C.L., P.H. Thrall, F.H. Leendertz, and C. Boesch (2011).  The spread of fecally transmitted infections in socially structured popula tions.  PLoS ONE 6:e21677. [pdf]

89. Matthews, L. J., J. Tehrani, F. M. Jordan, M. Collard, and C. L. Nunn (2011). Testing for cultural cores and components in Iranian textile assemblages: a Bayesian phylogenetic approach. PLoS ONE 6: e14810. [pdf]

88. Carnes, L.M., C.L. Nunn, R.J. Lewis (2011). Effects of distribution of female primates on male reproductive monopolization.  PLoS ONE 6:e21677. [pdf]

87. Nunn, C.L., V.O. Ezenwa, C. Arnold, and W.D. Koenig (2011).  Oxpeckers prefer host species that harbor more ticks.  Evolution 65:1297-1304. [pdf]

86. Garamszegi, L.Z. and C.L. Nunn (2011).  Parasite-mediated evolution of non-synonymous substitution rate at the functional part of the MHC in primates.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24:184–195. [pdf]

85. Acerbi, A. and C.L. Nunn (2011).  Predation and the phasing of sleep:  An evolutionary individual-based model.  Animal Behaviour 81:801-811. [pdf]

84. Acerbi, A., C. Tennie, and C.L. Nunn (2011). Modeling imitation and emulation in constrained search spaces. Learning and Behavior 39:104-114. [pdf]

83. Nunn, C. L., Arnold, C., Matthews, L. & Borgerhoff Mulder, M. (2010). Simulating trait evolution for cross-cultural comparison.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 364:61–69. [pdf]

82. Franz, M. and C.L. Nunn (2010).  Investigating the impact of observation errors on the statistical performance of network-based diffusion analysis.  Learning and Behavior 38:235-242. [pdf]

81. Lindenfors, P., L.J. Revell, and C.L. Nunn (2010).  Sexual dimorphism in primate aerobic capacity:  A phylogenetic test.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23:1183-1194. [pdf]

80. Arnold, C. and C.L. Nunn (2010).  Phylogenetic targeting of research effort in evolutionary biology.  American Naturalist 176: 601–612. [pdf]

79.  Matthews, L. J., C. Arnold, Z. Machanda, and C.L. Nunn (2010). Primate extinction risk and historical patterns of speciation and extinction in relation to body mass. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278:1256-1263. [pdf]

78. Arnold, C., L.J. Matthews, and C.L. Nunn (2010).  The 10kTrees Website: A new online resource for primate phylogeny (  Evolutionary Anthropology 19:114-118. [pdf]

77. Hopkins, M.E. and C.L. Nunn (2010).  Gap analysis and the geographical distribution of parasites.  In:  The Biogeography of Host-Parasite Interactions, S. Morand and B. Krasnov, eds.  Cambridge University Press, pp. 129-142.

76. Junglen S., A. Kurth, H. Kuehl, P.-L. Quan, H. Ellerbrok, G. Pauli, C.L. Nunn, L.-M. Liu, S. M. Rich, W. Lipkin, T. Briese, F.H. Leendertz F. H. (2010). Relative distribution of mosquito genera and frequency of virus infection differ in mosquitoes of disturbed and undisturbed rainforest areas.  Ecohealth 6: 239-250. [pdf]

75. Fritz, J., J. Hummel, E. Kienzle, C. Arnold, C.L. Nunn, M. Clauss (2009). Chewing efficiency in mammalian herbivores. OIKOS 118: 1623-1632. [pdf]

74. Franz, M. and C.L. Nunn (2009).  Rapid evolution of social learning.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22:1914-1922. [pdf]

73. Clauss, M., C.L. Nunn, J. Fritz, and J. Hummel (2009). Evidence for a tradeoff between retention time and chewing efficiency in large mammalian herbivores.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 154: 376-382. [pdf]

72. Nunn, C.L., P.H. Thrall, K. Bartz, T. Dasgupta and C. Boesch (2009).  Do transmission mechanisms or social systems drive cultural dynamics in socially structured populations?  Animal Behaviour 77:1515-1524. [pdf]

71.  Capellini,I., P. McNamara, B.T. Preston, C.L. Nunn and R.A. Barton (2009).  Does sleep play a role in memory consolidation?  A comparative test.  PLoS One 4:e4609. [pdf]

70. Franz, M. and C.L. Nunn (2009).  Network-based diffusion analysis:  A new method for detecting social learning.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 276:1829-1836. [pdf]

69. Jensen, S.A., R. Mundry, C.L. Nunn, C. Boesch, and F.H. Leendertz (2009). Non-invasive body temperature measurement of wild chimpanzees using faecal temperature decline.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45:542-546. [pdf]

68. Preston, B.T., I. Capellini, P. McNamara, R.A. Barton, and C.L. Nunn (2009).  Disease resistance and the adaptive significance of sleep.  BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:7. [pdf]

67. Nunn, C.L., P. Lindenfors, R. Pursall, and J. Rolff (2009). On sexual dimorphism in immune function.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 364:61-69. [pdf]

66. Mundry, R. and C.L. Nunn (2009). Stepwise model fitting and statistical inference: turning noise into signal pollution. American Naturalist 173:119-123. [pdf]

65. Capellini, I., R.A. Barton, P. McNamara, B. Preston and C.L. Nunn (2009). Ecological constraints on mammalian sleep architecture.  In:  Evolution of sleep: Phylogenetic and Functional Perspectives, P. McNamara, R.A. Barton and C.L. Nunn, eds.  Cambridge University Press, pp. 12-33.

64. Nunn, C.L., P. McNamara, I. Capellini, B. Preston and R.A. Barton (2009). Primate sleep in phylogenetic perspective.  In:  Evolution of sleep: Phylogenetic and Functional Perspectives, P. McNamara, R.A. Barton and C.L. Nunn, eds.  Cambridge University Press, pp. 123-144.

63. Nunn, C.L. (2009). Using agent-based models to investigate primate disease ecology.  In: Primate Parasite Ecology: The Dynamics and Study of Host-Parasite Relationships, M.A. Huffman and C.A. Chapman, eds. Cambridge University Press, pp. 83-110.

62. Capellini, I., R.A. Barton, P. McNamara, B.T. Preston, and C.L. Nunn (2008). Energetic constraints, not predation, influence the evolution of sleep patterning in mammals. Functional Ecology 22:847-853. [pdf]

61. Ostner, J., C.L. Nunn, O. Schülke (2008). Female reproductive synchrony predicts skewed paternity across primates. Behavioral Ecology 19: 1150-1158. [pdf]

60. Gillespie, T.R., C.L. Nunn and F.H. Leendertz (2008). Integrative approaches to primate infectious disease: Implications for biodiversity conservation and global health. American Journal of Physical Anthropology S47: 53-69. [pdf]

59. Clauss, M., W.J. Streich, C.L. Nunn, S. Ortmann, G. Hohmann, A. Schwarm, and J. Hummel (2008). Natural diet composition and intake levels, not body size, determine ingest passage in primates. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 150: 274-281. [pdf]

58. Acerbi, A., P. McNamara and C.L. Nunn (2008). To sleep or not to sleep: The ecology of sleep in artificial organisms. BMC Ecology 8:10. [pdf]

57. Capellini, I., R.A. Barton, P. McNamara, B. Preston and C.L. Nunn (2008). A phylogenetic analysis of the ecology and evolution of mammalian sleep. Evolution 62:1764-1776. [pdf]

56. McNamara, P., I. Capellini, E. Harris, C.L. Nunn, R.A. Barton, & B. Preston (2008). The phylogeny of sleep database: A new resource for sleep scientists. The Open Sleep Journal 1:11-14. [pdf]

55. Thierry, B., F. Aureli, C.L. Nunn, O. Petit, C. Abegg, and F.B.M. de Waal (2008). A comparative study of conflict resolution in macaques: insights into the nature of trait co-variation. Animal Behaviour. [pdf]

54. Nunn, C.L., P.H. Thrall, K. Stewart, A.H. Harcourt (2008). Emerging infectious diseases and animal social systems. Evolutionary Ecology 22:519–543. [pdf]

53. Kutsukake, N. and C. L. Nunn (2009). The causes and consequences of reproductive skew in male primates. In: Reproductive Skew in Vertebrates, R. Hager and C. Jones, eds. Cambridge University Press, in press.

52. Pedersen, A.B., K.E. Jones, C.L. Nunn, and S. Altizer (2007). Infectious disease and extinction risk in wild mammals. Conservation Biology 21:1269-1279. [pdf]

51. McNamara, P., C. L. Nunn, R. A. Barton, E. Harris, and I. Capellini (2007). Phylogeny of sleep and dreams. In: The New Science of Dreaming: Vol. 1, Biology of REM Sleep. D. Barrett and P. McNamara, eds. Praeger Press, Westport CT, pp. 53-70.

50. Lindenfors, P. L., C. L. Nunn, R. A. Barton (2007). Primate brain architecture and selection in relation to sex. BMC Biology 5:20. [pdf]

49. Hopkins, M. E. and C. L. Nunn (2007). A global gap analysis of infectious agents in wild primates. Diversity and Distributions 13:561-572. [pdf]

48. Lindenfors, P., C. L. Nunn, K. E. Jones, A. A. Cunningham, W. Sechrest, and J. L. Gittleman (2007). Parasite species richness in carnivores: effects of host body mass, latitude, geographic range and population density. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16:496-509. [pdf]

47. Altizer, S., C.L. Nunn, and P. Lindenfors (2007). Do threatened hosts have fewer parasites? A comparative study in primates. Journal of Animal Ecology 76:304-314. [pdf]

46. Nunn, C. L., B. Rothschild, J. L. Gittleman (2007). Why are some species more commonly afflicted by arthritis than others? A comparative study of spondyloarthropathy in primates and carnivores. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:460-470. [pdf]

45. Leendertz, F. H., G. Pauli, K. Maetz-Rensing, W. Boardman, C. L. Nunn, H. Ellerbrok, S. A. Jensen, S. Junglen, and C. Boesch (2006). Pathogens as drivers of population declines: The importance of systematic monitoring in great apes and other threatened mammals. Biological Conservation 131:325-337. [pdf]

44. Kutsukake, N., and C.L. Nunn (2006). Comparative tests of reproductive skew in male primates: the roles of female mating behavior and incomplete control. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 60: 695-707. [pdf]

43. Nunn, C.L. (2006). Immune defenses and primate behaviour. In: Encyclopedia of Mammals, D. MacDonald, ed. Oxford University Press, pp. 284-285.

42. Borgerhoff Mulder, M., C.L. Nunn & M.C. Towner (2006). Macroevolutionary studies of cultural trait transmission. Evolutionary Anthropology 15: 52-64. [pdf]

41. Nunn, C.L. and A.T.W. Dokey (2006). Territoriality and parasitism in primates. Biology Letters 2: 351-354. [pdf]

40. Nunn, C.L., M. Borgerhoff Mulder & S. Langley (2006). Comparative methods for studying cultural trait evolution: a simulation study. Cross-Cultural Research 40:177-209. [pdf]

39. Moylan, J.W., C.M. Graham, C.L. Nunn, T. Håkansson, M. Borgerhoff Mulder (2005). Cultural traits and linguistic trees: phylogenetic signal in East Africa. In: Mapping Our Ancestors: Phylogenetic Methods in Anthropology and Prehistory, C.P. Lippo, M.J. O’Brien, S. Shennan and M. Collard, eds., in press. Aldine de Gruyter.

38. Nunn, C. L. & S. M. Altizer (2005). The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An online resource for infectious disease records in wild primates. Evolutionary Anthropology 14:1-2. [pdf]

37. Nunn, C. L. & E. W. Heymann (2005). Malaria infection and host behavior: A comparative study of Neotropical primates. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59:30-37. [pdf]

36. Nunn, C. L., S. M. Altizer, W. Sechrest, and A. Cunningham (2005). Latitudinal gradients of parasite species richness in primates. Diversity and Distributions 11:249–256. [pdf]

35. Pedersen, A.B., S. Altizer, M. Poss, A.A. Cunningham & C.L. Nunn (2005). Patterns of host specificity and transmission among parasites of wild primates. International Journal for Parasitology 35: 647–657. [pdf]

34. Lindenfors, P., L. Fröberg, and C.L. Nunn (2004). Females drive primate social evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B. (Supplement: Biology Letters) 271: S101–S103. [pdf]

33. Nunn, C.L., and S.M. Altizer. (2004). Sexual selection, behavior and sexually transmitted diseases. Sexual selection in Primates: New and Comparative Perspectives, P. Kappeler and C. P. van Schaik, eds., pp. 117-130 Cambridge University Press.

32. Nunn, C. L., and R. O. Deaner. (2004). Patterns of participation and free riding in territorial conflicts among ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 57: 50-61. [pdf]

31. Nunn, C.L., S.M. Altizer, W. Sechrest, K.E. Jones, R.A. Barton, and J.L. Gittleman (2004). Parasite species richness and the evolutionary diversity of primates. American Naturalist 164: S90–S103.[pdf]

30. Vitone, N., S.M. Altizer, and C.L. Nunn (2004). Body size, diet and sociality influence the species richness of parasitic worms in anthropoid primates. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6:1-17.[pdf]

29. Zinner, D., C.L. Nunn, C.P. van Schaik and P.M. Kappeler (2004). Sexual selection and exaggerated sexual swellings of female primates. Sexual selection in Primates: New and Comparative Perspectives, P. Kappeler and C. P. van Schaik, eds., pp. 71-89. Cambridge University Press, in press.

28. Altizer, S., C.L. Nunn, P. Thrall, J.L. Gittleman, J. Antonovics, A. Cunningham, A. Dobson, V. Ezenwa, A. Pedersen, M. Poss and J.R.C. Pulliam (2003). Social organization and disease risk in mammals: Integrating theory and comparative studies. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 34:517-547. [pdf]

27. Nunn, C.L. (2003). Behavioral defenses against sexually transmitted diseases in primates. Animal Behaviour 66:37-48.[pdf]

26. Nunn, C.L. (2003). Comparative and theoretical approaches to studying sexual selection in primates. Sexual selection and reproductive competition in primates: New perspectives and directions, C.B. Jones, ed., pp. 593-613. Special Topics in Primatology: Norman, OK

25. Nunn, C.L. (2003). Sociality and disease risk: A comparative study of leukocyte counts in primates. F.B.M. de Waal & P.L. Tyack, eds., pp. 26-31. Animal Social Complexity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

24. Nunn, C.L., S. Altizer, K.E. Jones, and W. Sechrest (2003). Comparative tests of parasite species richness in primates. American Naturalist 162:597-614.[pdf]

23. Nunn, C.L., J.L. Gittleman and J. Antonovics (2003). A comparative study of white blood cell counts and disease risk in carnivores. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B. 270:347-356. [pdf]

22. Nunn, C.L. (2002). A comparative study of leukocyte counts and disease risk in primates. Evolution 56: 177-190. [pdf]

21. Nunn, C.L. (2002). Spleen size, disease risk and sexual selection: A comparative study in primates. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:91-107. [pdf]

20. Wich, S. A., and C. L. Nunn (2002) Do male “loud calls” function in mate defense? A comparative study of long-distance calls in primates. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 52:474-484 [pdf]

19. Zinner, D., S. Alberts, C.L. Nunn and J. Altmann (2002) Significance of primate sexual swellings. Nature 420:142-143. [pdf]

18. Nunn, C.L. and R.A. Barton (2001). Comparative methods for studying primate adaptation and allometry. Evolutionary Anthropology 10:81-98. [pdf]

17. Nunn, C.L., and R.J. Lewis (2001). Cooperation and collective action in animal behavior. In: Economics in Nature, R. Noë, J.A.R.A.M. van Hooff, and P. Hammerstein, eds., pp. 42-66. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [pdf]

16. Nunn, C.L., and C.P. van Schaik (2001). A comparative approach to reconstructing the socioecology of extinct primates. In: Reconstructing Behavior in the Fossil Record, J.M. Plavcan, W.L. Jungers, R.F. Kay, and C.P. van Schaik, eds., pp. 159-216. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. [pdf]

15. Nunn, C.L., C.P. van Schaik and D. Zinner (2001). Do exaggerated sexual swellings function in female mating competition in primates? A comparative test of the reliable indicator hypothesis. Behavioral Ecology 5:646-654. [pdf]

14. Deaner, R.O., C.L. Nunn and C.P. van Schaik (2000). Comparative tests of primate cognition: Different scaling methods produce different results. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution 55:44-52. [pdf]

13. Nunn, C.L., (2000). Collective action, free-riders, and male extragroup conflict. In: Primate Males, P.M. Kappeler, ed., pp. 192-204. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [pdf]

12. Nunn, C.L. (2000). Maternal recognition of infant calls in ring-tailed lemurs. Folia Primatologica 71: 142-146.

11. Nunn, C.L., and C.P. van Schaik (2000). Intersexual conflict and ecological factors in primate social evolution. In: Infanticide by Males and its Implications, C.P. van Schaik and C. Janson, eds., pp. 388-419 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

10. Nunn, C.L., and R.A. Barton (2000). Allometric slopes and independent contrasts: A comparative test of Kleiber’s law in primate ranging patterns. American Naturalist 156:519-533. [pdf]

9. Nunn, C.L., and M.E. Pereira (2000). Group histories and offspring sex ratios in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 48: 18-28.[pdf]

8. Nunn, C.L., J.L. Gittleman and J. Antonovics (2000). Promiscuity and the primate immune system. Science 290:1168-1170. [pdf]

7. van Schaik, C.P., K. Hodges and C.L. Nunn (2000). Paternity confusion and the ovarian cycles of female primates. In: Infanticide by Males and its Implications, C.P. van Schaik and C. Janson, eds., pp. 361-387. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

6. Deaner, R.O., and C.L. Nunn (1999). How quickly do brains catch up with bodies? A comparative method for detecting evolutionary lag. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B. 266: 687-694. [pdf]

5. Nunn, C.L. (1999). The evolution of exaggerated sexual swellings in primates and the graded signal hypothesis. Animal Behaviour 58: 229-246. [pdf]

4. Nunn, C.L. (1999). The number of males in primate groups: a comparative test of the socioecological model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 46: 1-13.[pdf]

3. van Schaik, C.P., M.A. van Noordwijk and C.L. Nunn (1999). Sex and social evolution in primates. In: Primate Socioecology, P.C. Lee, ed., pp. 204-240. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2. Nunn, C.L. and K.K. Smith (1998). Statistical approaches to the comparative analysis of developmental sequences. American Naturalist 152: 82-101. [pdf]

1. Nunn, C.L. (1995). A simulation test of Smith's "degrees of freedom" correction for comparative studies. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 98: 355-367. [pdf]

The Comparative Approach in Evolutionary Anthropology and Biology

by Charles Nunn

University of Chicago Press, 2011

The Evolution of Sleep: Phylogenetic and Functional Perspectives

Edited by Patrick McNamara, Robert Barton, and Charles Nunn

Cambridge University Press, 2009

Infectious Diseases in Primates Behavior, Ecology and Evolution

by Charles Nunn
and Sonia Altizer

Oxford University Press